Strategic importance of the indian ocean region

Some critics, however, argue the islands are also destined to be developed into a listening station and facility for Indian maritime surveillance aircraft. Along with strategic importance.

Her lifelines are concentrated in that area, her freedom is dependent on the freedom of that water surface. Ensuring that significant employment opportunities continue for millions of Indian expatriates.

Given the fast changing developments across Asia the security scenario today remains same and is no different from the past. Due to huge marine recourses it spreads prosperity in coastal plains of India.

Mozambique has also allowed Indian Navy warships to conduct regular patrols in its territorial waters and EEZ. Enhancing its access to Australian mineral and energy reserves.

India also needs to graduate to a maritime power; whose components include shipbuilding industry, modern port handling facilities and large merchant shipping fleet as all of them impinge either directly or indirectly, on maritime security.

India formed a Joint Defence Cooperation Committee with the UAE inwhich has led both countries to strengthen defence ties to encompass production and development of equipment, technical co-operation, joint military exercises, and the sharing of information on strategy and doctrines.

Presently, in Tajikistan India has military engineers stationed at Ayna and a specialist team of instructors training the Tajik Air Force.

The Importance of Indian Ocean for India (329 Words)

India has also established a major presence in Ethiopia. A major concern of India in the Indian Ocean is energy. US and Japan are strengthening their military alliance and enhancing operational integration. Apart from significant two-way trade and investment, the region also employs millions of Indian expatriates.

This marked the first time that India had set up a listening and surveillance station on foreign soil. Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal are facing extreme internal pressures from political instability with its spill over effect. India is also seeking opportunities to access natural gas from Indonesia.

Positioning itself to emerge as the dominant Indian Ocean power in the decades ahead. Since then, in India has become a member of the six-nation Mekong Ganga Cooperation, followed by admission into the Asia Cooperation Dialogue.

In the first decade of 21st century, Indian Ocean Region IOR is witnessing sweeping changes and considerable turbulence. Chabahar is the nearest port to the five neighbouring Central Asian states and Afghanistan.

India’s Strategic Objectives in the Indian Ocean Region

India is also a significant investor in the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan, especially since when India signed 12 agreements pledging assistance and financial aid in a number of key areas, such as: IOR stretches from Suez Canal in the west to the Strait of Malacca in the east and is restricted by choke points on either ends.

Internal Security and Centre-State Relations, affirmed that: Presently, it is estimated that between Indian nationals are working in Afghanistan. However, the relative decline of US power in the region has left a void that is increasingly being filled by China and India, both eager to secure their position as major powerbrokers in global affairs.

Current trends indicate that an assertive China, developing India and the US will remain major players in the future security architecture of IOR. India-South Asia Relations Unlike other regions throughout the Indian Ocean, expanding relations with neighbouring South Asian states has been a greater challenge for India.

Why the Indian Ocean Matters

South Africa also has a large segment of its population that is of Indian origin; numbering approximately 1. Apart from acting as a natural counterweight to Pakistan, Iran serves as a strategically vital access corridor for Indian interests in Central Asia. This was the largest-ever line of credit provided by India to a foreign country.

Due to its geographic location and the growth trajectory, India occupies a strategic location in the turbulent IOR. Indian Navy today is a blue water navy with a sizable force projection capabilities.India’s relations with Iran, however, have acquired a more significant and strategic dimension over the last decade, surpassing that of all other countries in the Middle East, and indeed, in the Indian Ocean Region.

Indian Ocean,it is proposed to analyze strategic importance of this region and its applicability to the powers of the region as well as the superpowers, viz the United States and the Soviet Union. The Importance of Indian Ocean for India!

Indian occupies a central and strategic location in the Indian Ocean area. Its national and economic interests are inseparably linked up with Indian Ocean.

Hence to keep the Indian Ocean as a zone of Peace free from superpower rivalry and increasing. The Indian Ocean Region (IOR) has become the hub of intense global activity over the decades for various reasons.

The most important trade routes of the world pass through this region. The Indian Ocean provides the predominant outlet for oil from the Persian Gulf to various destinations all over the world. The strategic importance of the Indian Ocean region has come into vogue over the last few years.

Robert Kaplan famously claimed that the Indian Ocean would become 'centre stage' for the twenty-first century. Indian Ocean: Issue for Peace (Delhi, Manohar Publishers, ), p. 2 William L. Dowdy, "The Indian Ocean region as concept and reality" in William L. Dowdy and Russel B. Trood, eds., The Indian Ocean: Perspectives on a Strategic Arena (Durham, Duke University Press, ), pp.

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Strategic importance of the indian ocean region
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