Given the high rates of morbidity and mortality in the cloning of other mammals, we believe that cloning-to-produce-children would be extremely unsafe, and that attempts to produce a cloned child would be highly unethical.
The difficulty is compounded by what are, for now, unanswerable questions as to whether the research will in fact yield the benefits hoped for, and whether other promising and morally nonproblematic approaches might yield comparable benefits.
As of this writing, several cloning-related bills are under consideration in the Senate. AIDS is a good example. The Council stresses the importance of striving not only for accuracy but also for fairness, especially because the choice of terms can decisively affect the way questions are posed, and hence how answers are given.
Even if practiced on a small scale, it could affect the way society looks at children and set a precedent for future nontherapeutic interventions into the human genetic endowment or novel forms of control by one generation over the next. The decision before us is of great importance.
The Moral Case for Cloning-for-Biomedical-Research The moral case for cloning-for-biomedical-research rests on our obligation to try to relieve human suffering, an obligation that falls most powerfully on medical practitioners and biomedical researchers.
Any being that is human is a human being. But we believe it is morally wrong to exploit and destroy developing human life, even for good reasons, and that it is unwise to open the door to the many undesirable consequences that are likely to result from this research.
Though they are our flesh and blood, and deeply kin, they are also independent "strangers" who arrive suddenly out of the darkness and whom we must struggle to get to know. Inserting a gene into a specific site, which is important for several biomedical uses, therefore requires about million to one billion cells for a single success.
To make clear to all what is at stake in the decision, Council Members have presented, as strongly as possible, the competing ethical cases for and against cloning-for-biomedical-research in the form of first-person attempts at moral suasion. The decision before us is of great importance.
As Fukuyama perceptively noted in his testimony: American Enterprise Institute,p.
We hold that the case for treating the early-stage embryo as simply the moral equivalent of all other human cells Position Number Two, above is simply mistaken: Creating cloned embryos for any purpose requires crossing a major moral boundary, with grave risks and likely harms, and once we cross it there will be no turning back.
It has since captured much attention and generated great debate, both in the United States and around the world. Finally, the historic and well-respected Ramsey Colloquium statement on embryo research acknowledges that: It would be accomplished by introducing the nuclear material of a human somatic cell donor into an oocyte egg whose own nucleus has been removed or inactivated, yielding a product that has a human genetic constitution virtually identical to the donor of the somatic cell.
A world that practiced human cloning, we sense, could be a very different world, perhaps radically different, from the one we know. We who support cloning-for-biomedical-research all agree that it may offer uniquely useful ways of investigating and possibly treating many chronic debilitating diseases and disabilities, providing aid and relief to millions.
We have sought terminology that most accurately conveys the descriptive reality of the matter, in order that the moral arguments can then proceed on the merits.
Some scientists also believe that stem cells derived from cloned human embryos, produced explicitly for such research, might prove uniquely useful for studying many genetic diseases and devising novel therapies.
Our work toward this end is guided by a number of explicit methodological choices about modes of approach, points of departure, and spirit of inquiry. Cloning-to-produce-children would affect not only the direct participants but also the entire society that allows or supports this activity.
But it is unquestionably human life, complete with its own unique set of human genes that inform and drive its own development.
Policies that would require genetic testing of every baby upon birth to ensure that he or she is not a clone would likely be regarded as a violation of privacy. The transplant rejection problem.Read the full-text online edition of The Ethics of Human Cloning ().
Books» Book details, The Ethics of Human Cloning. The Ethics of Human Cloning. By Leon R. Kass, James Q. Wilson. No cover image. The Ethics of Human Cloning.
By Leon R. Kass, James Q. Wilson. VIEW ALL RELATED BOOKS AND ARTICLES. SUBSCRIBE TODAY! Michael Tooley’s article “Moral Status of Cloning Humans” defends human cloning. I am in complete agreement with it. Cloning, despite the visceral reaction it raises, is a tool in the arsenal of the transhumanist once it is understood.
Here is a brief outline of the article with a bit of. In this engaging book, Leon R. Kass, the noted teacher, scientist, and humanist, and James Q. Wilson, the preeminent political scientist to whom four U.S. presidents have turned for advice on crime, drug abuse, education, and other crises in American life, explore the ethics of human cloning, reproductive technology, and the teleology of human sexuality.
Majority Recommendation: Ten Members of the Council recommend a ban on cloning-to-produce-children combined with a four-year moratorium on cloning-for-biomedical-research. We also call for a federal review of current and projected practices of human embryo research, pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, genetic modification of human embryos and gametes, and related matters, with a view to.
Human cloning is the creation of a human being whose genetic make-up is nearly identical 1 to that of a currently or previously existing individual. Recent developments in animal cloning coupled with advances in human embryonic stem cell research have heightened the need for legislation on this issue.
The Ethics of Human Cloning Ethics of Human Cloning ALL 2/11/04 PM Page 1. Ethical Issues of Human Cloning: An Overview 9 Michael Woods 2.
The News Media and the Human Cloning Debate 15 James Q. Wilson 8. Cloning Human Embryos for Medical Purposes Is UnethicalDownload